Time:6:00 PM-8:00 PM
Location:Grandview Municipal Pool
Address:Grandview Municipal Pool
Grandview Heights, OH 43212 Contact:614-488-3111
Cost is $5.00 per dog
Time:6:00 PM-8:00 PM
Location:Grandview Municipal Pool
Address:Grandview Municipal Pool
What is Feline Immunodeficiency Virus?
Virologists classify feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) as a lentivirus (or “slow virus”). FIV is in the same retrovirus family as feline leukemia virus (FeLV), but the viruses differ in many ways including their shape. FIV is elongated, while FeLV is more circular. The two viruses are also quite different genetically, and the proteins that compose them are dissimilar in size and composition. The specific ways in which they cause disease differ, as well.
How common is the infection?
FIV-infected cats are found worldwide, but the prevalence of infection varies greatly. In the United States, approximately 1.5 to 3 percent of healthy cats are infected with FIV. Rates rise significantly-15 percent or more-in cats that are sick or at high risk of infection. Because biting is the most efficient means of viral transmission, free-roaming, aggressive male cats are the most frequently infected, while cats housed exclusively indoors are much less likely to be infected.
How is FIV spread?
The primary mode of transmission is through bite wounds. Casual, non-aggressive contact does not appear to be an efficient route of spreading FIV; as a result, cats in households with stable social structures where housemates do not fight are at little risk for acquiring FIV infections. On rare occasions infection is transmitted from an infected mother cat to her kittens, usually during passage through the birth canal or when the newborn kittens ingest infected milk. Sexual contact is not a major means of spreading FIV.
What does FIV do to a cat?
Infected cats may appear normal for years. However, infection eventually leads to a state of immune deficiency that hinders the cat’s ability to protect itself against other infections. The same bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi that may be found in the everyday environment–where they usually do not affect healthy animals–can cause severe illness in those with weakened immune systems. These secondary infections are responsible for many of the diseases associated with FIV.
What are the signs of disease caused by FIV?
Early in the course of infection, the virus is carried to nearby lymph nodes, where it reproduces in white blood cells known as T-lymphocytes. The virus then spreads to other lymph nodes throughout the body, resulting in a generalized but usually temporary enlargement of the lymph nodes, often accompanied by fever. This stage of infection may pass unnoticed unless the lymph nodes are greatly enlarged.
An infected cat’s health may deteriorate progressively or be characterized by recurrent illness interspersed with periods of relative health. Sometimes not appearing for years after infection, signs of immunodeficiency can appear anywhere throughout the body.
How is infection diagnosed?
Antibody tests detect the presence of antibody in the blood of infected cats.
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests are designed to detect short segments of a virus’s genetic material. While antibody-based tests are ideal screening tests for infection, in certain situations (such as confirming infection in antibody-positive kittens or determining infection of cats vaccinated with antibody-producing FIV vaccines), PCR-based tests, in theory, would be superior. Although PCR testing methods offer promise and are being actively explored, at this time unacceptable numbers of false-positive and false-negative results prevent them from routinely being recommended.
How can I keep my cat from becoming infected?
The only sure way to protect cats is to prevent their exposure to the virus. Cat bites are the major way infection is transmitted, so keeping cats indoors-and away from potentially infected cats that might bite them-markedly reduces their likelihood of contracting FIV infection. For the safety of the resident cats, only infection-free cats should be adopted into a household with uninfected cats.
Vaccines to help protect against FIV infection are now available. However, not all vaccinated cats will be protected by the vaccine, so preventing exposure will remain important, even for vaccinated pets. In addition, vaccination may have an impact on future FIV test results. It is important that you discuss the advantages and disadvantages of vaccination with your veterinarian to help you decide whether FIV vaccines should be administered to your cat.
I just discovered that one of my cats has FIV, yet I have other cats as well. What do I do now?
Unfortunately, many FIV-infected cats are not diagnosed until after they have lived for years with other cats. In such cases, all the other cats in the household should be tested, as well. Ideally, all infected cats should be separated from the noninfected ones to eliminate the potential for FIV transmission. If this is not possible-and if fighting or rough play is not taking place-the risk to the non-infected cats appears to be low.
How should FIV-infected cats be managed?
How long can I expect my FIV-infected cat to live?
It is impossible to accurately predict the life expectancy of a cat infected with FIV. With appropriate care and under ideal conditions, many infected cats will remain in apparent good health for many months or years. If your cat has already had one or more severe illnesses as a result of FIV infection, or if persistent fever and weight loss are present, a much shorter survival time can be expected.
My FIV-infected cat died recently after a long illness. How should I clean my home before bringing in a new cat?
Feline immunodeficiency virus will not survive outside the cat for more than a few hours in most environments. However, FIV-infected cats are frequently infected with other infectious agents that may pose some threat to a newcomer. Thoroughly clean and disinfect or replace food and water dishes, bedding, litter pans, and toys. A dilute solution of household bleach (four ounces of bleach in 1 gallon of water) makes an excellent disinfectant. Vacuum carpets and mop floors with an appropriate cleanser. Any new cats or kittens should be properly vaccinated against other infectious agents before entering the household.
Can I become infected with FIV?
Although FIV is a lentivirus similar to HIV (the human immunodeficiency virus) and causes a disease in cats similar to AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) in humans, it is a highly species-specific virus that infects only felines.
A number of studies have failed to show any evidence that FIV can infect or cause disease in people.
Why should I have my cat tested?
Early detection will help you maintain the health of your own cat and also allow you to prevent spreading infection to other cats.
Under what circumstances should FIV testing be performed?
With recent storms and power outages, disaster preparedness has made front page news. Many of us have the intention of making plans for our homes and loved ones, but we didn’t. There is no time like the present to set up your plan and gather supplies.
* Proper Identification: in the event of a natural disaster, or even a house fire, a collar showing clear, up-to-date ID is crucial. It is strongly encouraged that all pets have a microchip implanted as means of permanent identification, ensuring that the information corresponding to the microchip is updated as well. Keep a copy of your pet’s current medical record/vaccine history in a safe place, along with a current photo.
*Supplies: a well stocked bin of pet supplies is essential! Stock enough food and drinking water for no less than 3 days, but it doesn’t hurt to have more on hand. Also include a copy of your pet’s medical records/vaccination history (in a water safe bag), along with a photo, leash and collar, litter, medication, litter trays, etc.
*Carriers and Crates: a carrier or crate can temporarily house pets at vet clinics or even hotels that would not normally take pets. Cat carriers should be large enough to hold a cat and their littler box.
Get more information on disaster preparedness at www.ready.gov/america/getakit/pets.html
August 24, 2012 – Bil-Jac Foods of Medinia Ohio has announced a voluntary dog food recall of a limited number of one of its dry products due to possible contamination with mold.
According to a company spokesperson, the recall includes only the 6 pound package of its Bil-Jac Adult Select Formula dry dog food with a lot code of 1792-02 and a Best By date of 27 December 2013.
The products in question are currently being tested for the presence of mold toxins and the company has assured us they will share more information as it becomes available.1
Be sure to save a link to this page as additional information will be posted here as soon as it is published.
What You Can Do
You can report complaints about FDA-regulated pet food products by calling the consumer complaint coordinator in your area.
Or go to http://www.fda.gov/petfoodcomplaints.
Take the pig from the hit movie “Babe.” Or the parrot from the flick “Paulie” – which was basically Babe with wings. These pets (and yes, a pig does qualify as a pet, albeit an unusual one) showed as much
cinematic spunk as any canine. So before you think the world has simply gone to the dogs, consider the following famous pets.
The feline icon of 9Lives, Morris rejected his first dish 33 years ago. Morris’ famously finicky nature has been passed down through three tabbies to the present Morris IV, who debuted in 2000.
The original Morris was rescued from an animal shelter in Illinois. His rugged good looks – for a cat – soon made cat
lovers swoon. He was dubbed (no kidding here) “the Clark Gable of cats.” He lived to the age of 19.
Morris II was found in a New England animal shelter. He made the transition from commercials to movies, appearing in the Burt Reynolds movie “Shamus.” He passed away at age 15.
The third and fourth Morris’ followed in the tradition of the first two: they were rescued from shelters combed to find cats that share the physical traits of the first two. They have appeared with many celebrities, including legends Bob Hope and Lily Tomlin.
In 1988 and in 1992, he campaigned for president, and polls showed that Morris had greater name recognition than the candidates – at least among the non-voting members of the public. Alas, the Constitution does not recognize the candidacy of pets.
Although not famous in the United States, Margate captured the hearts of Britons for the way she wooed Winston Churchill, one of the great leaders of the 20th century. In 1953, Margate, then just a stray black kitten, impudently marched on the doorstep of No. 10 Downing St. (where the Prime Minister lives and works).
Churchill had just finished writing an important speech on the need for Western solidarity in the face of Communism. The speech was to be given in the town of Margate. He took the kitten’s presence as a good luck sign and a show of support. Churchill adopted the kitten immediately and named her Margate.
The speech was a success, and 10 days later Margate was promoted to a place of honor in Churchill’s bedroom. Soon after, she managed a coup d’etat and slept with Churchill thereafter.
Belonging to the Clintons, Socks was the first cat to grace the White House since the Carter administration (First Daughter Amy Carter owned a cat named Misty Malarky Ying Yang). She moved into the White House in 1993 and, like the Bush dog Millie, soon had a best seller on her life in the Executive Mansion.
But in 1997, her star was eclipsed by Buddy, a Labrador retriever. When President Clinton was mired in the Monica Lewinsky scandal, it was Buddy who was seen trodding faithfully next to him. (Clinton obviously took Harry Truman’s advice to heart: “If you want a friend in Washington, get a dog.”)
When the Clintons left the White House, Socks did not join them. Instead, she found a home with the president’s secretary, Betty Curry.
For those too young to know, Trigger was the horse ridden by Roy Rogers, the “King of Cowboys.” Together, Trigger and Rogers performed stunts at rodeos and were featured in numerous movies and television segments.
Trigger had his own fan following, but few people know his original name: Golden Cloud. That wasn’t western enough, so the name was changed to suit Hollywood’s vision of a Western horse. Trigger and Roy Rogers performed together for 27 years. The horse died in 1965 at the age of 33.
Silver, of course, was the Lone Ranger’s faithful steed. Silver was an Arabian horse that carried Clayton Moore across more than 60 movies. But like Trigger, Silver’s name was changed. His original name was Dusty. It didn’t quite fit with the Lone Ranger’s calling card – leaving behind a silver bullet.
In 1957, Silver won an award for excellence from the television and motion picture industry. Beyond that, not much is known about the actual horse.
You don’t need to be an adventure-seeking equine to be famous. The horse who portrayed the talking equine Mr. Ed was a show horse owned by the president of the California Palomino Society.
Mr. Ed was encouraged to speak using peanut butter, which made the animal move his mouth more (the speech, of course, was dubbed in). The popular show lasted from 1961 to 1965. Mr. Ed retired after the show, but his retirement was marred by a number of ailments, including arthritis and a broken leg.
Legend has it that Mr. Ed died in 1979 in Oklahoma, but that horse was actually one used to pose for publicity photos. Mr. Ed was 19 in 1968, so it is likely he was put to sleep around 1970, without fanfare.
Other Famous Dogs
There have been many celebrity dogs with resumes and film credits that rival any veteran actor. But fame can be fleeting, especially if you’re a dog. Here are a few dogs whose names once rolled off the lips as easily as Rin Tin Tin. All of the following are buried at the prestigious Hartsdale Pet Cemetery, in New York (established in 1894, Hartsdale was the first pet cemetery in the United States):
Storm was a rugged German shepherd who appeared in many hit television shows. He played in many action shows, including “Adam 12,” “Bonanza,” Ironsides” and “Police Story.”
This Yorkshire terrier was an inveterate globe-trotter, and was often seen accompanied by beautiful and glamorous models. Sir has appeared in The New York Times Magazine, Vogue and Harper’s Bazaar.
Boots, a veteran dog actor of the 1940s, helped raise more than $9 million in bonds to support the American war effort during World War II. He appeared before troops at more than a 150 locations and performed before President Franklin Roosevelt. He died in the early 1950s.
A dog’s breed and temperament, combined with your lifestyle and personality, all play an important role in determining what kind of dog is the best fit for you. For instance, a slight or shy person could find a large-breed dog—especially one that is boisterous or hyperactive—difficult to control. On the other hand, a timid, little dog may not be a suitable match for an adventuresome, outgoing, or loud person.
So with all the choices available, how do you go about selecting the right dog for you?
Deciding Between a Puppy and a Full-Grown Dog
If you are considering adopting a dog, first determine whether you want a puppy or an adult dog. Adopting a puppy has certain advantages—you will be able to choose a dog with the best temperament for you and ensure he gets a proper education before behavioral problems or bad habits develop. But puppies bring added responsibilities, too. During the first few months, a puppy requires more of your time than an older dog.
If you do not have the time required for a puppy, consider adopting a full-grown dog that has already gone through the puppy stage.
Before adopting an older dog, learn as much as you can about his background, such as the details of his diet so you can be sure any change in diet will not be abrupt. If adopting a dog from another home, ask for a favorite item, such as a toy, a blanket, or a pillow that the dog can take with him. This will help in the transition.
Understanding the Importance of Temperament
Temperament has nothing to do with a dog’s size, breed or upbringing—temperament is something innate in a dog. A dog’s temperament has a lot to do with how easily he can be trained and, while good training can improve certain traits in a dog, training cannot change a dog’s temperament.
There are a variety of temperaments in dogs, and some dogs can have a combination of temperament traits, but generally speaking, dogs have four basic temperament types:
Choosing the Best Breed for Your Personality
In addition to recognizing an individual dog’s temperament, you would do well to investigate the breed that best suits your needs and lifestyle. Listed here are some of the most popular breeds and, based on our experience with hundreds of thousands of dogs worldwide, how their personalities and characteristics might match the requirements of different types of owners. While some breeds do have tendencies toward a certain temperament, keep in mind that this is not absolute. Use the information as a guide, but we recommend you make your final decision based on background information and observation.
Sociable Dogs with Soft, Even Temperaments
These breeds are typically less demanding and more docile, making them perfect for elderly people and families with children. They are loving and respond well to lots of attention, and prefer to not be left alone.
American Cocker Spaniel
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Dogs that Require More Discipline
Often exuberant, many of these breeds require more discipline and exercise—but are great for people with lots of energy. Their loyal, loving natures still make them wonderful family pets.
English Cocker Spaniel
West Highland White Terrier
Protective of their homes and owners, these breeds are perfect for people who live alone. Not in all cases, but these breeds tend to be less suitable for families.
Generally hardier and less prone to hereditary faults, mixed breeds can be pets that are just as good—and sometimes better—than purebreds. Still, some are better than others. As a basic guideline, a pup is likely to inherit his size from his mother but be slightly smaller than his largest parent.
Designer breeds, crosses between two purebred dogs, were developed to create a mix of the best characteristics of each breed. For instance, the Goldendoodle combines the family-friendly traits of the Golden Retriever with the non-shedding, hypoallergenic traits of the Poodle. Some of the more popular hybrids are the:
Chorkie (Chihuahua/Yorkshire Terrier)
Just like people, dogs come in all shapes, sizes, and temperaments. A dog’s breed and temperament, combined with your lifestyle and personality, all play an important role in determining what kind of dog is best for you. Do a bit of research first, then visit your local shelter. There is a perfect dog for everyone.
This black-and-white scamp graced silent films and news strips starting in 1919.
When Lewis Carroll debuted “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” in 1865, he gave us one of history’s most curious cats. The rotund riddler is best known for his grin, which inspired a common saying.
Hanna-Barbera’s Tom has been chasing his foil, Jerry Mouse, since 1940.
Dr. Seuss debuted his mischief-making cat in a 1957 learn-to-read book. Since then, the larger-than-life cat has become a cultural icon.
Looney Tunes’ scheming “puddy tat” started chasing his adorable feathered prey in 1945.
Socks had a rags-to-riches story; the stray made it all the way to the White House
This spoiled tabby was a finicky ’70s spokes-cat.
Since her birth in 1974 this kawaii Japanese cat has graced stickers, notebooks and over-the-top goods for jet-setters, fashionistas and even expectant moms.
On June 19, this famous comic strip grump celebrates his 33rd birthday. When not mailing pests overseas or tormenting his owner’s dopey dog, Garfield can be found wisecracking through daily comic strips.
Has Rover been limping around your house lately? Is he having trouble making it up the stairs? Does he seem sluggish and reluctant to stand up? If so, your pet may be suffering from hip dysplasia, which affects the connection between the ball and socket of the hip joint.
Even if your pet is free of these symptoms, he may still develop the disease. This issue of Pet Planet will help you identify signs of hip dysplasia and teach you how to care for your ailing friend.
In basic terms, hip dysplasia means “badly formed hip.” In unaffected animals, the ball at the end of the leg bone fits smoothly into a pocket in the hip, just as pieces of a puzzle fit together. In affected dogs, the “pieces” don’t come together as well. The ball may roll around loosely in the socket, making for a rather uncomfortable fit. This looseness is what may cause your pet to limp or seem pained during certain activities.
The joint disease is common in large dogs; about 50 percent of some larger breeds are affected. Less commonly, the disease also can occur in medium-sized breeds and even in small breeds. It primarily strikes purebreds, but it can develop in mixed breeds, particularly when both parents are prone to the disease. Dogs with a higher incidence of hip dysplasia are German shepherds, Labrador retrievers, rottweillers, Great Danes, golden retrievers, Doberman pinschers, mastiffs, and St. Bernards. Greyhounds and borzois have a lower incidence. Cats may develop dysplasia, but they rarely have severe symptoms because they weigh less and put less strain on their joints.
Because dysplasia is passed down from dogs to their puppies, breeding symptom-free dogs is important. You should look back three or four generations to check for carriers in the bloodline. The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (www.offa.org), a nonprofit organization that consults with breeders and purebred dog owners, will review dogs’ hip X rays and provide OFA certification for dogs that have normal hips. If you have questions about OFA certification, your veterinarian can give you more information.
Breeding two animals with excellent hips still won’t guarantee that all of the puppies will be free of hip dysplasia, but you’ll have a better chance of getting a dysplasia-free pup than if you breed two animals with fair or poor hips.
Dogs of all ages are subject to the symptoms of hip dysplasia, but in most cases, they don’t begin to show up until the middle or later years. If you want to check your pet for hip dysplasia at a younger age, schedule an X ray and physical with your veterinarian. If you are able to nip the problem in the bud at an early stage, you will prevent your dog from experiencing even greater problems down the road.
Dogs that show physical symptoms may walk or run with an altered gait, often resisting movements that require full extension or flexion of their hind legs. Many times, they run with a “bunny hopping” gait because their legs are stiff and painful after exercise or first thing in the morning. Dysplasia also may cause arthritis, which affects movement in affected dogs. Some pets will warm up nicely after they’ve been moving for a while. Other dogs’ gait will worsen with exercise, and they may resist extended activity.
As dysplasia progresses, dogs may lose muscle tone and even need help getting up. Many owners attribute the changes to normal aging, but once their pets are treated for dysplasia, owners may be shocked to see more normal, pain-free movement.
Because hip dysplasia has a genetic basis, you can’t determine whether your puppy will get dysplasia by how you raise him, but you may influence when he begins to develop symptoms. If your pup has genes for hip dysplasia, it’s a good idea to prevent overly rapid growth while Rover is an adolescent because the additional weight puts strain on the hip, further loosening the ball-and-socket fit. If your young furry friend is at the high end of the weight scale or is a large breed, you should begin feeding him an adult dog food or a puppy food specifically developed for bigger dogs.
Dysplasia also may be aggravated by rough play, jumping, climbing stairs, sliding on slick floors, calcium supplementation (which can increase the rate of bone formation), or forced running for any distance, especially on hard surfaces. You can keep your canine buddy’s joints healthy by avoiding these situations as much as possible.
Dogs with hip dysplasia may be treated surgically or nonsurgically, depending on your veterinarian’s recommendations and the severity of the problem. Nonsurgical treatment to improve mobility and reduce pain includes the use of drugs like aspirin, phenylbutazone, NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories), and steroids. These drugs should be administered only under the supervision of your veterinarian. Your veterinarian also might ask you to restrict your pet’s exercise. An ideal exercise for dysplastic dogs is swimming, which doesn’t stress their aching joints.
Surgery can correct current problems and/or keep the condition from progressing. Several surgical procedures are common; your veterinarian will recommend one depending on your dog’s age and the state of his joints.
Triple Pelvic Osteotomy (TPO) often is used for dogs younger than 10 months that show signs of dysplasia on X rays but that haven’t yet developed symptoms. Surgeons will break the pelvic bone and realign the ball and socket correctly. As the bones heal, they will begin to fit together normally.
Total hip replacement is another option. This procedure involves removing the bad hip and replacing it with a prosthesis. In order to qualify for this procedure, your dog must be full-grown and weigh at least 35 pounds. Your veterinarian also may recommend other surgical options.
If you suspect your dog may have hip dysplasia, arrange for an X ray and physical exam. If your pet is diagnosed with the disease, she (or he) should be spayed (or neutered) so the disease isn’t passed on. You should also notify your dog’s breeder so that he can take steps to improve his breeding program. With help from you and your veterinarian, your dog can live a long and happy life with hip dysplasia.
What is von Willebrand Disease?
Von Willebrand disease is the most common inherited bleeding disorder in dogs. The disease rarely occurs in cats.
Dogs with this disease cannot clot blood normally, which results in bleeding, especially after surgery or trauma. While this disease has occurred in more than 50 different dog breeds, the breeds most commonly affected include Doberman pinschers, German shepherds, golden retrievers, poodles, Shetland sheepdogs, Pembroke Welsh corgis and the German shorthaired pointer.
What Causes von Willebrand Disease?
The disease is caused by an inherited gene mutation that results in a deficiency in the quantity or activity of von Willebrand factor, a protein in the blood. When an animal is injured, cells called platelets stick to the damaged tissue to form a clot and prevent bleeding. Von Willebrand factor helps the platelets stick to each other, so a deficiency in this factor can result in abnormal bleeding.
What are the Signs?
Owners may not be aware that their dog has this disease until the pet experiences prolonged bleeding after a surgery or trauma. In severe cases, dogs may bleed from the nose, around the gum line, from the vagina, or have bloody urine or feces, even without trauma.
How is this Disease Diagnosed?
Pet owners who have a breed with a high predisposition to the disease may want to test their dog as a puppy. A blood test can measure the amount of von Willebrand factor in the blood sample. A DNA test is also available for a small number of breeds and can be performed with a simple swab inside the mouth.
It is important to know if your dog has the disease so that your veterinarian can take the necessary precautions to control bleeding if your dog needs surgery or is injured. Dogs that have von Willebrand disease or are carriers should not be bred, to prevent passing on the disease to their offspring.
In dogs suspected of having von Willebrand disease, veterinarians can perform a screening test before surgery. Most commonly, veterinarians will use a buccal mucosal bleeding time test. In this test, a small cut is made on the dog’s inner lip or gum (sedation may be needed for some pets), and the length of time required for the bleeding to stop is measured. A prolonged bleeding time may indicate a bleeding disorder.
How is Von Willebrand Disease Treated?
There is no cure for von Willebrand disease. However, in the event of a bleeding problem, dogs can be treated with transfusions of blood or plasma products to increase the amount of von Willebrand factor in the system. A synthetic hormone called desmopressin acetate may also be given to help the dog increase its level of von Willebrand factor.
It’s always better for the veterinarian to know about the disease before starting surgery. Transfusions may be given before, and if necessary, after the surgery to help prevent excessive bleeding. After treatment, the dog should be kept on strict cage rest and monitored until all bleeding has resolved.
Are outdoor dogs and cats more likely to experience kidney failure?
Outdoor dogs and cats are more susceptible to kidney failure because they are more likely to ingest antifreeze, which is fatal even when ingested in small amounts. Because all breeds of dogs can be affected by kidney failure, your veterinarian may recommend blood work at an early age to establish baseline values.
Are all cats equally susceptible to kidney failure?
Cats are more likely than dogs to experience kidney failure and certain breeds are more likely to develop problems than others. These include Persians and Abyssinians.
Is kidney disease reversible?
In most cases, kidney disease is not reversible. Once kidney cells die, they do not regenerate. If the disease can be caught before cells die, it is possible to preserve adequate kidney function to preserve reasonable quality of life.
Grab your BFF (best furry friend) and head to WAG! You’ll find a full day of activities and treats for the entire family.
Date: Saturday August 25th 2012
Time: 10 a.m.-5 p.m.
Where: Prairie Oaks Metro Park (Darby Bend Lakes Area)
Alum Creek Dog Park is a 4-acre public dog park located in the Alum Creek State Park adjacent to the reservoir with water access for dogs to swim, a dog wash station, drinking water for dogs and their owners, and restroom facilities. Separate small dog area. Visit their website for more information.
Big Walnut Dog Park is the first off-leash public dog park in the city of Columbus. It is located on the east side of Columbus on Livingston Avenue and includes three fenced acres and a pond.
Columbus Downtown Dog Park is located at the corner of Spring and Fourth Streets.
Columbus MetroParks offers 12 public pet trails at area public parks. All pets are required to be on a 6-foot or shorter leash. Visit their website and click on “parks” to find a pet-friendly trail at a park near you.
Godown Dog Park is a public 10-acre park located near Linworth & Godown Rds currently being developed as a dog park. The park will consist of a one acre small dog area, a divided four-and-a-half acre large dog area and will also include benches, a hydrant for filling water bowls, pathways winding through the park and a paved parking lot. Dog park construction is completed with an anticipated opening around Memorial Day 2012. Visit their website for more information.
Granville Dog Park is located in Wildwood Park north of Rt. 37 in Granville. It is a public dog park.
Nando’s Dog Park is a public 2-acre dog park located in Darree Fields Park in Dublin. It features large and small dogs area and picnic facilities. Visit their website for more information.
Pizzurro Park Dog Park is a public 4 acre fenced park in Gahanna. It is open year ’round. It contains a separate fenced area for small dogs 25 pounds or less and an agility area for all dogs. A paved path runs through the large dog area making it accessible for wheelchairs.
Scioto Audibon Park is a public 2-acre dog park located downtown on the Whittier Pennisula with separate areas for small dogs and large dogs, each with its own agility course.
Sycamore Plains Dog Park at Three Creeks Metro Park is a public 4-acre dog park with separate areas for large and small dogs. It is open 6:30 am – 10 pm during the summer months.
Violet Township Dog Park at the corner of Stemen & Pickerington Rd. a public dog park.
Westerville Bark Park is a public 2-acre large dog park with areas for both large and small dogs located in Brookedge Park south of Schrock Rd, east of Cleveland Avenue and west of Westerville Rd. Entrance is securely gated, with a dog water fountain, hydrants, ADA access and activity stations.
Wheeler Park is a public four-acre park in the short north area with a fenced area for dogs.
Other Public Parks which are popular with dog owners: Goodale Park, Schiller Park, Park of Roses and Antrim Park.
Another installment of our Fun Pet Ideas series with 4 new favorites!
1. Planning on doing some remodeling anytime soon? Don’t forget to include a little place for your four-legged friend!
2. When going to your next yard sale, pick up a couple kitchen chairs and turn them into elevated dog food stands for your big dog.
3. Create a pet station using an old armoire or wardrobe. Sand and paint to match your decor and organize all of your animal-related items into one neat and tidy space.
4. Make use of that close-to-ceiling space and create a wonderland for your cat.
Have you come up with something creative for your home to make your life easier or entertain your pet? We want to hear about it! Visit us on Facebook and share your ideas!
Photos courtesy of Pinterest
For those of you who attend our canine social hour, you are familiar with Amy Liss, owner of Amy’s PAWsitive Dog Training, LLC. We wanted to give you a little more information regarding Amy and her training.
Amy is a graduate of the American Behavior College where she earned her certification as an ABC Certified Dog Trainer. Animal Behavior College (ABC) is approved Blythe Bureau for Private Post secondary and Vocational Education and is an internationally recognized school. Her year-long commitment to this program has provided her with a formal education in canine obedience training and understanding behavior and its motives. Her certification, education, and experience provide her with the skills required to effectively and humanely train your dog while keeping alive the spark that makes your dog so special to you. Amy is also certified in Pet First Aid and in training shelter dogs. She currently serves the following locations: Bexley, Columbus, Dublin, Grandview, Hilliard, Worthington, and Upper Arlington.
“Dogs often behave like small children”. You’ve probably heard this comment from fellow dog owners. Puppies, like children, can be sweet, innocent, and playful. They’re not born with the knowledge of what is proper behavior.
Amy can help you learn better, more effective ways to communicate with your pet. Her methods are positive and very effective.
Amy LOVES dogs: all dogs, big and small, puppy and adult, purebred and mixed. As an ABC Certified Dog Trainer, she has the knowledge and skill to help you enhance the relationship with your canine friend. The key to this relationship is an understanding of your dog’s behavior combined with consistent, effective training regardless of age. While the best training period is during the puppy months, older dogs are extremely responsive. She believes whomever said “You can’t teach an old dog new tricks” just didn’t know how.
Amy’s training programs will teach your dog to accept you as a benevolent leader. The end result will be that your dog will learn to listen to your cues while you eliminate or curtail unacceptable behavior challenges. This will be accomplished while keeping your dog’s tail wagging!
As an ABC Certified Dog Trainer, Amy is trained to assit you in achieving some or all of the following goals with your pet:
If you would like more information, check out Amy’s contact information below:
Phone: (614) 499-1902
Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) describes a collection of conditions that can affect the bladder and urethra of cats. This syndrome can have many possible causes, but cats generally exhibit similar, recognizable signs. Cats with FLUTD usually show signs of difficulty and pain when urinating, increased frequency of urination, and blood in the urine. Affected cats tend to lick their genital area excessively, and sometimes they will urinate outside the litter box, often preferring cool, smooth surfaces like a tile floor or a bathtub.
While the condition can be seen in cats of any age, it is most frequently seen in middle-aged, over-weight cats that get little exercise, use an indoor litter box, have restricted access outside, and eat a dry diet. Environmental factors, such as interactions with owners, multi-cat households, and changes in routine may also increase the risk that a cat will develop FLUTD.
Although cats with lower urinary tract disease behave in similar ways, the potential causes are multiple. Urinary tract infections, urinary stones, urethral plugs, cancer, and other disorders can affect the lower urinary tract of the cat. Because FLUTD can have many causes, it can be difficult to diagnose. Based on your cat’s signs, your veterinarian will likely perform an initial physical examination and run a urinalysis. If the cause of the cat’s signs has not been identified with a urinalysis, other testing may be recommended, including bloodwork, x-rays, and urine culture.
Feline Idiopathic Cystitis
Feline idiopathic cystitis (FIC)-also called interstitial cystitis-is the most common diagnosis in cats with lower urinary tract signs. FIC is a diagnosis of exclusion, meaning that the term FIC is used if all diagnostics fail to confirm the presence of another disease such as urinary stones. Cats suffering from FIC make frequent attempts to urinate, probably as a result of bladder discomfort, and often are found to have blood in their urine. Signs of lower urinary tract disease in cats with non-obstructive FIC often resolve spontaneously within a couple of weeks regardless of treatment. So most treatments attempt to prevent subsequent recurrence of signs.
Veterinarians have noted many similarities between FIC and a bladder disorder affecting humans called interstitial cystitis. Studies are ongoing to determine whether the human and the feline disorder are truly the same, and whether therapies helpful for humans will be of benefit to cats as well. In humans, a psychologically stressful event often precedes the onset of lower urinary tract discomfort due to interstitial cystitis, and stress also seems to be an important factor in the development of FIC in cats. Possible sources of stress in a cat’s life may include environmental changes, changes in food schedule, and changes in the number of animals in the household. Environmental enrichment and modification can reduce stress and decrease the severity and frequency of FIC episodes. To reduce environmental stress, cats should be provided a safe, clean area in which to urinate, as well as opportunities to express natural predatory behavior. These opportunities may include climbing posts and toys that can be chased and caught.
Because changes in food can also result in recurrence of FIC in some cats, the cat’s diet should remain consistent in both content and schedule. Many pet food manufacturers market diets formulated for “urinary health.” While these “special diets” may reduce the likelihood that cats with FIC will develop a urethral obstruction, there is no evidence that they have reduced the incidence of idiopathic feline lower urinary tract disease itself.
Urolithiasis (Urinary Stones)
Another possible cause of FLUTD is urinary stones-or uroliths-which are rock-hard collections of minerals that form in the urinary tract of cats. Cats with urinary stones will exhibit many of the common signs of FLUTD. X-rays or ultrasound are usually needed to make a diagnosis of urinary stones. The treatment of a cat with urinary stones depends on the mineral composition of the stones; however, surgical removal of stones is often required. The two most common stone types in cats are struvite and calcium oxalate.
For cats with struvite stones, a special stone-dissolving diet may be prescribed to eliminate the stones. If the diet fails to dissolve the stone, then surgical removal may be necessary. Struvite stones are becoming less common in cats, as most commercial feline diets are now formulated to reduce the likelihood of struvite formation by limiting the amount of dietary magnesium and by promoting the production of urine that is more acidic. Unfortunately, the percentage of stones composed of calcium oxalate has increased. The role-if any-that diet plays in the formation of calcium oxalate stones is actively being studied.
Unlike struvite stones, calcium oxalate stones cannot be dissolved with special diets, and more aggressive treatment is needed. Your veterinarian may be able to induce the stones to pass by flushing the bladder with sterile fluids. If they fail to pass, or if they recur, then surgery may be needed. Called a cystotomy, the surgery to remove bladder stones involves making an incision through the belly. The bladder is lifted into view, opened, and stones are removed.
Cats that have formed a stone are at increased risk for recurrence, and your veterinarian may recommend medication or dietary changes to help prevent recurrence.
The most serious problem associated with urinary function is urethral obstruction. Urethral obstruction-when the cat’s urethra becomes partly or totally blocked-is a potentially life-threatening condition and one of the most serious results of FLUTD. Urinary stones are only one of the causes of urethral obstructions. Another common cause is urethral plugs. Urethral plugs consist of a soft, compressible material that contains variable quantities of minerals, cells, and mucus-like protein.
Male and neutered male cats are at greater risk for obstruction than females, because their urethra is longer and narrower. Urethral obstruction is a true medical emergency, and any cat suspected of suffering from this condition must receive immediate veterinary attention. When the urethra is completely blocked, the kidneys are no longer able to remove toxins from the blood and maintain a proper balance of fluids and electrolytes in the body. If the obstruction is not relieved, the cat will eventually lose consciousness and die. Death most frequently occurs as a result of electrolyte imbalances, which ultimately cause heart failure. The time from complete obstruction until death may be less than twenty-four to forty-eight hours, so immediate treatment is essential.
A cat experiencing a urethral obstruction behaves similarly to any other cat with FLUTD: straining to urinate, frequently attempting to urinate, and producing little, if any, urine. However, as time passes, an obstructed cat typically becomes much more distressed-often crying out in pain.
Treatment of urethral obstruction usually involves catheterization, which is the passage of a narrow tube up the urethra, but other procedures are sometimes necessary. Unless the cat is comatose, catheterization usually requires sedation or anesthesia. After the obstruction has been relieved, treatment varies depending upon the condition of the cat. Dehydration and electrolyte imbalance are treated with intravenous fluid therapy. Antibiotics may be given to combat bacteria, and drugs that help restore bladder function are sometimes required. Hospitalization may range from a few days to several weeks, depending on the severity and duration of the obstruction.
For cats who continue to experience urethral obstruction despite proper medical management, a surgical procedure called a perineal urethrostomy may be suggested. The surgery involves removing much of the penis and the narrow portion of the urethra, leaving a wider opening for the remaining portion. Side effects of surgery can include bleeding for up to ten days after surgery, narrowing at the surgical site, urinary incontinence, and a greater incidence of other kinds of bladder diseases. For these reasons, perineal urethrostomy is usually considered to be a last resort.
A few unfortunate cats who have suffered from lower urinary tract disease will experience frequent recurrences of bladder inflammation, re-obstruction, or formation of uroliths. Fortunately, most others rarely experience the problem again or will have only occasional recurrences. Home care of cats who have suffered from lower urinary tract disease is determined by the cause, and varies depending on the cat’s condition and history. Some steps can be taken, however, to help reduce the frequency of attacks and both the severity and duration of signs when the problem occurs:
***Cats with a urethral obstruction will show the above signs but will pass little or no urine and will become increasingly distressed. A urethral obstruction is an absolute emergency, requiring immediate veterinary treatment.***
Just as people are living longer than they did in the past, cats are living longer too. In fact, the percentage of cats over six years of age has nearly doubled in just over a decade, and there is every reason to expect that the “graying” cat population will continue to grow.
So how old is my cat, really?
Cats are individuals and, like people, they experience advancing years in their own unique ways. Many cats begin to encounter age-related physical changes between seven and ten years of age, and most do so by the time they are 12. The commonly held belief that every “cat year” is worth seven “human years” is not entirely accurate. In reality, a one-year-old cat is physiologically similar to a 16-year-old human, and a two-year-old cat is like a person of 21. For every year thereafter, each cat year is worth about four human years. Using this formula, a ten-year-old cat is similar age wise to a 53-year-old person, a 12-year-old cat to a 61-year-old person, and a 15-year-old cat to a person of 73.
Advancing age is not a disease
Aging is a natural process. Although many complex physical changes accompany advancing years, age in and of itself is not a disease. Even though many conditions that affect older cats are not correctable, they can often be controlled. The key to making sure your senior cat has the healthiest and highest quality of life possible is to recognize and reduce factors that may be health risks, detect disease as early as possible, correct or delay the progression of disease, and improve or maintain the health of the body’s systems.
What happens as my cat ages?
The aging process is accompanied by many physical and behavioral changes:
Is my cat sick, or is it just old age?
Owners of older cats often notice changes in their cat’s behavior, but consider these changes an inevitable and untreatable result of aging, and fail to report them to their veterinarian. Failure to use the litter box, changes in activity levels, and alterations in eating, drinking, or sleeping habits are examples. While veterinarians believe that some behavior problems are due to the diminishing mental abilities of aging cats, it is a mistake to automatically attribute all such changes to old age. In fact, the possibility of some underlying medical condition should always be the first consideration. Disease of virtually any organ system, or any condition that causes pain or impairs mobility can contribute to changes in behavior. For example:
The take-home message? Never assume that changes you see in your older cat are simply due to old age, and therefore untreatable. Any alteration in your cat’s behavior or physical condition should alert you to contact your veterinarian.
How can I help keep my senior cat healthy?
Close observation is one of the most important tools you have to help keep your senior cat healthy. You may wish to perform a mini-physical examination on a weekly basis. Ask your veterinarian to show you how to do it and what to look for. You will find it easier if you just make the examination an extension of the way you normally interact with your cat. For example, while you are rubbing your cat’s head or scratching its chin, gently raise the upper lips with your thumb or forefinger so you can examine the teeth and gums. In the same way, you can lift the ear flaps and examine the ear canals. While you are stroking your cat’s fur, you can check for abnormal lumps or bumps, and evaluate the health of the skin and coat.
Daily brushing or combing removes loose hairs, preventing them from being swallowed and forming hair balls. Brushing also stimulates blood circulation and sebaceous gland secretions, resulting in a healthier skin and coat. Older cats may not use scratching posts as frequently as they did when they were younger; therefore, nails should be checked weekly and trimmed if necessary.
Many cats tend towards obesity as they age. If your cat is overweight, you should ask your veterinarian to help you modify the diet so that a normal body condition can be restored. Other cats actually become too thin as they get older, apparently as part of the normal aging process. But progressive weight loss can also be caused by serious medical problems such as kidney failure, cancer, diabetes mellitus, inflammatory bowel disease, liver disease, hyperthyroidism, or some other condition. Subtle changes in weight are often the first sign of disease; ideally you should weigh your cat every month on a scale sensitive enough to detect such small changes. Keep a record of the weight, and notify your veterinarian of any significant changes. To ensure proper nutrition, select a nutritionally balanced and complete diet for your cat’s stage of life, and one that is formulated according to guidelines established by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). Specific dietary changes may be necessary for cats with certain medical conditions. Your veterinarian can be of invaluable assistance in helping you select the most appropriate diet for your senior cat.
Exercise is important, not only for weight control but overall health. Older cats frequently become less agile as arthritis develops and muscles begin to atrophy. Regularly engaging your cat in moderate play can promote muscle tone and suppleness, increase blood circulation, and help reduce weight in cats that are too heavy. During times of exercise, be alert to labored breathing or rapid tiring that may suggest the cat has a disease. It may also be necessary to relocate litter boxes to more accessible locations to prevent elderly cats from eliminating in inappropriate locations. Purchasing a litter box with low sides, cutting down high sides, or constructing a ramp around the box may help older cats gain entry more easily.
Reducing environmental stress whenever possible is very important since older cats are usually less adaptable to change. Special provisions should be made for older cats that must be boarded for a period of time. Having a familiar object, such as a blanket or toy, may prevent the cat from becoming too distraught in a strange environment. A better alternative is to have the older cat cared for at home by a neighbor, friend, or relative. Introducing a new pet may be a traumatic experience for older cats, and should be avoided whenever possible. Moving to a new home can be equally stressful. However, some stress can be alleviated by giving the older cat more affection and attention during times of emotional upheaval.
Cats are experts at hiding illness, and elderly cats are no exception. It is common for a cat to have a serious medical problem, yet not show any sign of it until the condition is quite advanced. Since most diseases can be managed more successfully when detected and treated early in their course, it is important for owners of senior cats to carefully monitor their behavior and health.
1. My life is likely to last 10 to 15 years, maybe longer. Any separation from you will be painful to me. Remember that before you buy or adopt me.
2. Give me time to understand what you want from me.
3. Place your trust in me. It’s crucial to my well being.
4. Don’t be angry with me for long, and don’t lock me up as punishment. You have your work, your entertainment and your friends. I only have you.
5. Talk to me sometimes. Even if I don’t understand your words, I understand your voice when it’s speaking to me.
6. Be aware that however you treat me, I’ll never forget it.
7. Remember before you hit me: I have teeth that could easily crush the bones of your hand, but I choose not to bite you.
8. Before you scold me fore being uncooperative, obstinate or lazy, ask yourself if something might be bothering me. Perhaps I’m not getting the right food, or I’ve been out in the sun to long, or my heart is getting old and weak.
9. Take care of me when I get old. You too will grow old.
10. Go with me on difficult journeys. Never say: “I can’t bear to watch it” or “let it happen in my absence”. Everything is easier if you are there.
REMEMBER THAT I LOVE YOU.